Amra (Mangifera indica)

Botanical name: Mangifera indica L.

Family: Anacardiaceae
Habit: Large spreading evergreen tree up to 45 m in height with a heavy dome shaped crown
Part Used: Roots, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits, seed kernel



Vernacular Names: :

  • English: mango tree, spring tree
  • Sanskrit: aamrah (आम्र)
  • Hindi: aam, aamb (आम, आम्ब)
  • Kannada: maavu (ಮಾವು)
  • Malayalam: maavu (മാവു)
  • Tamil: maamaram (மாமரம்)
  • Telugu: maamidi (మామిది)
  • Trade Name: aam





Properties:

  • Taste (Rasa): svadu (sweet), kasaya anurasa (slightly astringent)
  • Property (Guna): Guru(heavy)
  • Potency (Veerya): sita (cold)
  • Post digestive effect (Vipaka): madhura (sweet)
  • Dosha-Karma (Action on Doshas): Vata Pitta Samaka (pacifies vitiation of Vata and Pitta) {Ripe Mango}, Tridosha kara (causes vitiation of all 3 doshas) {Unripe Mango}
  • Actions (Karma): vrsya (aphrodisiac), rocanam (promotes desire for food), rakta kara (Hemopoietic), cirapaki (undergoes digestion for longer time)
  • Significant rejuvenative actions (Rasayana Karmas): brmhanam (stoutens the body), balyam (promotes strength), sukrala (enhances semen production), kantida (enhances complexion)
  • Indications (Rogaharatva): Meha (diabetes), Pradaram (menorrhagia), Atisara (diarrhoea)



Chemical Composition:
Leaf – Tannins (10%) and flavonoids ; Mangiferin in leaf ; Mangiferol , Mangiferolic acid from bark ; Triterpenes


Promotive and Curative Recipes:

  1. For Diarrhoea: (Reference: Bangasena, atisara, 61)
    Tender leaves of amra are pounded together and taken with rice water in a dose of 10-20 ml.
  2. For Epistaxis: (Reference: Caraka samhita, Cikitsa sthana, 4/99)
    Juice of mango seed should be instilled into the nostrils (4-5 drops).
  3. For Spleen Enlargement: (Reference: Bhavapraksha, Cikitsa sthana, 33/17; Vrndamadhava, 37/50)
    Juice of ripe mango added with honey is useful in enlargement of spleen.
  4. For Gonorrhoea: (Reference: Siddhabhesajamanimala, 4/810)
    Bark of mango is pounded and added with mikl and sugar. This is efficacious in gonorrhoea if taken for a fortnight.



Important Formulations of Amra:

  1. Amrasthi curna
  2. Amra panakam
  3. Amra bilva kvatha
  4. Pancapallava kvatha



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